How will India lockdown play out for economy & markets: 4 eventualities

With fresh coronavirus cases on the upward push in India, the nation has started witnessing second-spherical outcomes of the virus unfold: a total discontinuance to financial exercise.

The authorities, analysts said, must exhaust into consideration extra measures to address the discipline, if third spherical of outcomes – job losses, stretched balance sheets, decrease capex and used user search records from – are to be tamed.

The principle two rounds of coronavirus outbreak have already wiped off Rs 52 lakh crore price of fairness investor wealth, with benchmarks Sensex and Nifty languishing at multi-One year lows after falling 35 per cent from their January peaks.

January modified into once the month when the virus modified into once spreading in China at a rapid tempo. It triggered the first spherical of affect on India, the place corporations noticed provide-aspect disruptions, proudly owning to their over-dependence on Chinese imports.

Sectors esteem autos and prescription tablets have been impacted severely due to scarcity of imported parts.

Because the virus began spreading in India, it paved blueprint for the second-spherical attain, the place financial exercise came to a discontinuance due to lockdowns.

A host of corporations from cement (India Cements) to heavy engineering (BHEL) and from automakers (Maruti Suzuki, M&M and Hero MotoCorp) to ancillaries (Amtek Auto) Castrol India), have announced momentary shutdowns.

FMCG corporations comparable to Hindustan Unilever, ITC and Dabur India also shut manufacturing products and companies, other than for vegetation producing requirements, after the authorities announced partial lockdowns in some parts of the nation.

On Tuesday, the authorities announced a nationwide lockdown for 21 days, which is susceptible to raise all financial exercise to a grinding discontinuance.

“The third spherical attain will possible materialize, as these shocks transmit to the the rest of the economy, i.e. corporates going thru a success on bottom traces. Weaker corporations will face money drift shortages and workers will face pay cuts or retrenchments. This, in turn, can possess a vicious cycle of decrease company capex and weaker user search records from,” Nomura India warned.

International brokerage Morgan Stanley has slash relief India Inc’s earnings for a Third time for the reason that virus outbreak.

“Our F2021 BSE Sensex EPS enhance estimate is now 10 per cent, down 20 per cent from mid-February,” it said in a ticket on March 23.

Barclays said the cumulative shutdown price will possible be around $120 billion, or 4 per cent of GDP. Of this $120 billion, the fresh shutdown assumptions memoir for roughly $90 billion of further affect.

“This would roughly translate to around 2 share parts of a loss in output, and as a consequence, we’re shaving down our CY2020 GDP forecast from 4.5 per cent to 2.5 per cent and FY20-21 forecast to 3.5 per cent from 5.2 per cent earlier,” it said.

Data showed the worst virus-hit states memoir for Rs 130 lakh crore in terms of nominal GDP, or nearly about 64 per cent of nationwide GDP. Maharashtra, with the biggest preference of cases, by myself accounts for 14 per cent of nationwide GDP.

PhillipCapital expects income losses of diversified level for people, corporates and authorities, and sees need for stimulus for the economy.

Right here is how the discipline may perchance perchance perchance evolve from right here on for the domestic economy and markets in numerous eventualities.


In case the discipline worsens in India and globally, there would be further promoting in domestic shares, and India’s GDP enhance may perchance perchance also tumble to 3.5-4 per cent stages even because the worldwide economy slips into recession, it said.


In a rosy discipline, the virus will possible be contained in India, and the shutdown would no longer prolong beyond April 15.

In one of these case, “we would be slack traders in equities. Indian financial affect will possible be restricted and FY21 GDP target will possible be 4.5-5 per cent. However the March quarter affect will possible be severe,” Phillip Capital said.


In the third discipline, the virus will possible be contained in India, nonetheless the disaster would worsen globally. In one of these case, Indian equities will outperform and India’s GDP would grow at 4-4.5 per cent amid a global recession.


Lastly, if the discipline is contained in India and globally, Indian markets may perchance perchance also outperform. “We would be aggressive traders in one of these discipline at contemporary stages. There would be manageable financial affect on India and the worldwide financial slowdown will last 3-5 months,” Phillip Capital said.

Dalal Aspect highway awaits sops

Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman on Tuesday said the authorities modified into once making ready a stimulus kit and the identical modified into once searching at for just a few procedural clearances. The authorities has to this point requested India Inc to play salaries on time at some stage within the lockdown.

JM Financial expects centered measures for sectors comparable to aviation, retail and puny companies within the impending days.

“There may perchance perchance be a case for RBI to intervene to alleviate the ache of borrowers and lenders both by permitting forbearance of loans or for adjustments to the imperfect mortgage recognition norms from 90 days to better, to boot to some create of backstop financing for NBFCs,” JM Financial said.

Barclays , meanwhile, expects RBI to raise a 65 foundation parts rate slash relief at the April protection assembly, and believes an further 100 bp slash relief will possible be wished to stabilise market sentiment between the June and August protection conferences.

This would be accompanied by outright bond purchases thru OMOs, imaginable forbearance for bank loans and centered liquidity windows for banks and NBFCs, Barclays said.

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